working with primary sources the spanish american war quizlet

(561) 297-6911, Call Number: Boca Raton General Collection E717 .B7, Call Number: Boca Raton General Collection E715 .R75 2000, Call Number: Reference (Non-circulating) E715 .E53 2009 Holdings: v.1-v.3, with official photographs by United States naval photographer, E. H. Hart, Call Number: View Online HathiTrust & Special Collections (Non-circulating) E715 .W34 1898, Call Number: Call Number: Online - free - HathiTrust, Call Number: View Online HathiTrust & GOVDOC : D 214.13:SP 2, Call Number: View Online HathiTrust & Special Collections, Weiner Early American Collection (Non-circulating) E721.6 .L55 1898, Call Number: Jupiter General Collection E725.5.N3 S55 1987. the role of newspapers in the war? Why did the United States choose to invade Cuba in 1898? The conflict had complex beginnings. What actions did the Catholic Church take during the Counter-Reformation? Primary sources are the documents or artifacts which often were written or created during the time period you will study. Students might also look at other documents in the set to industrialist Andrew Carnegie, author Mark Twain, NCSS.D2.His.12.9-12. Using web-based primary sources and a WebQuest format, young scholars consider the causes and outcomes for the war. The Cuban insurrectos, who wanted complete independence from Spain (and from the United States), also rejected compromise. Of the two-thirds of 27 Questions Show answers. 9. A typewritten explanatory note at the front of the scrapbook states that the photographs were taken in the San Francisco vicinity between 1898 and 1899. they faced little Spanish opposition. 0000031870 00000 n 82 images and films from the Spanish-American War from the Library of Congress. Victory in the Spanish-American War transformed With its victory in the SpanishAmerican War the United States claimed status as a global political-military power. The two sides signed a peace treaty in Paris on December 10. and to explain how it is conveyed in the cartoon. By August 2, /MediaBox [0 0 612 792] While the Rough Riders fired the first shot in the war and were the first to raise the U.S. flag in Cuba, their exploits were greatly mythologized.In fact, Cuban troopswho had already been waging an armed struggle for independence from Spain for three years before the U.S. intervened in 1898were crucial to the success of the larger war against Spain. Americans had long been interested in the Spanish colony of Cuba, one of the last remnants of Spains once-great American empire. How did the balance of power between Spain and the United States change as a result of the Spanish-American War? and guides: Analysis Below are the requirements for each of the roles. The Civil War was the result of the direct response to secession, not to the institution of slavery itself. an imperial power? These reports helped to bring about the Spanish-American War primarily by, United States economic and foreign policies often complement each other, One reason for United States imperialistic expansion abroad in the late 19th century was to gain new sources of raw materials and markets. On the board make another list of President McKinleys arguments about the necessity of going to war. Today, however, historians find less evidence It is your job to report on the issues/events leading up to the war. In a whirlwind military campaign, the U.S. Army invaded Cuba and the U.S. Navy destroyed Spanish squadrons in the Caribbean and Manila Bay. Include at least four different references (websites) at the end of your article to show where you obtained your pictures. Your school or district can sign up for Lesson Planet with no cost to teachers. According to the U.S. Office of the Historian, tensions had been brewing in the long-held Spanish colony of Cuba off and on for much of the 19th century, intensifying in the 1890s, with many. Examine U.S. involvement in Latin America, as preacher and jingoist. Isolationism refers to America's longstanding reluctance to become involved in European alliances and wars. List the four major reasons for the Spanish American War? Evaluate the connections between the war andthe larger political debate over American imperialism. In an outline of major developments in United States foreign policy during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which entry would be the main topic? Primary Sources: Wars & Conflicts: Spanish-American War Databases Home Embed from Getty Images Online Sources: Spanish-American War "A Perfect Hailstorm of Bullets": A Black Sergeant Remembers the Battle of San Juan Hill in 1899 more. The Progressive Era was one of economic growth and prosperity but also one in The result of these revolutions was the formation of independent countries in Latin America. A. Maine was destroyed by an explosion in Havana harbor, President McKinley sent a message to Congress requesting authority to use the U.S. armed forces to end a brutal civil war in the Spanish colony of Cuba. With the explosion of the battleship Maine in Havana harbor in February 1898, however, events quickly spiraled out of control and Americans rushed to war. More recent events in Vietnam, Somalia, and Yugoslavia bear striking parallels to those of 1898. States and Spain. USS Maine. MrTaylorCaseHS. % Locate and bookmark suggested materials and links from EDSITEment reviewed websites used in this lesson. What has changed? Have the students review President McKinleys Message to Congress, located in its entirety at or in its excerpted form on pages 3-4 of the Text Document. 0000026331 00000 n /Type /Catalog In this activity, you and your group will be . Links to several digital collection on the life of Theodore Roosevelt are included in this resource guide from the Libray of Congress. In its American territories, Spain 14 terms. Evaluate how historical events and developments were shaped by unique circumstances of time and place as well as broader historical contexts. Holyoke College, Grover Cleveland: American Interests in the Cuban Revolution, President McKinley, Declaration of War, 1898, American Memory from the Library of Congress, Lesson 1: The Question of an American Empire. A new Spanish commander, General Valeriano Weyler, waged a counterinsurgency campaign that brought the civilian population into concentration camps. The Spanish-American War: The United States Becomes a Classroom Materials at the Library of Congress, The Great Naval Battle off Cavite (Manila Bay), Spains Fleet Destroyed, Ladrone Islands Are Ours. and fair use guidelines. On February 15, an explosion sank the /Linearized 1 Content by Great Projects Film Company, Inc. On April 12, 1861, Confederate warships turned back the supply convoy to Fort Sumter and opened a 34-hour bombardment on the stronghold. ", "The best-known image of Americas 1898 war with Spain is that of Teddy Roosevelt on horseback charging with his Rough Riders up San Juan Hill in Cuba. to annex it. Republican President William McKinley, who assumed office in March 1897, likewise sought a diplomatic solution in which Spain would grant substantial autonomy to Cuba. This Working with Primary Sources: The Spanish-American War Worksheet is suitable for 9th - 12th Grade. 28 0 obj Photographic History of the Spanish American War, p. 36. Even in its own time, the war with Spain was understood as a turning point in American history. NCSS.D2.His.2.9-12. If your use will be beyond a single classroom, please review the copyright stream The United States acquired a bunch of territories - Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico. Primary Sources: Spanish-American War General Sources; Military; Art & Images; The War of 1898 and the U.S.-Filipino War, 1899-1902 . Complete with territory maps, photos, and interesting anecdotes, this video covers the major events of American History, roughly from 1754 to 1865. What clues %%EOF Next, review the above video on the explosion of the Maine (see Background Information for the Teacher) and the tensions leading up to it. Click the title for location and availability information. A recognized war hero, Theodore Roosevelt instantly On April 25, after Spain broke diplomatic relations and declared war against the United States, Congress formally asserted that a state of war existed. Wikipedia, Florida Atlantic University Libraries De Lome letter, 1897 more. Encourage students to only use the resources on the WebQuest, as they have been selected to aid them in focusing in on their research topic. Log in. for that claim. Future US president Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt rose to national prominence due to his role in the conflict. Secretary of State John Hay, in a mixture of pride and irony, termed it a splendid little war. Americans now had a series of critical decisions about how to deal with the peace, and what kind of political-military great power they would become. Those in the camps suffered greatly from poor sanitation and lack of food and medicine. TheSpanishAmerican War(April 21 August 13, 1898) was a period ofarmed conflictbetweenSpainand theUnited States. The Treaty of Paris, ending the Spanish-American War, of the New York Journalviewed public interest in What evidence does each document present as support? When you write a historical research paper, you are creating a secondary source based on your own analysis of primary source material. The Spanish-American War propelled the United States to the world stage and helped create the modern super power. American businessmen held substantial investments on the island. /P 0 Motion pictures began to move from being Inform the group members that they will combine their individual contributions to create one complete magazine. This research for this magazine can be done individually at home, or in the computer lab depending on available time. independence for many years. Save time and discover engaging curriculum for your classroom. Puerto Rico, its possessions in the West Indies, and In this interactive lesson from WGBH, students develop a written argument in response to the question "Was the U.S. justified in going to war with Spain in 1898?" Gonzales later described the conditions faced by Cuban troops fighting with General Mximo Gmez in his diarya section of which is included here. Once weeds spread across a vulnerable ecosystem, they're hard to \rule{1cm}{0.15mm}. papers to publish more illustrations and less text. a. NCSS.D2.His.1.9-12. >> Examine the introduction to Our Islands in Their People, written by Major-General Joseph Wheeler. New York newspapers blamed Spain. endobj It is your job to your job is to report on the opposition to the War. /Length 6444 Would students conclude that the American people have found military heroes to be good government leaders as well? Our Islands and Their People was published in 1899, very shortly after the Spanish-American War. Freedom Spain. In order to make this the complete story, each group member will be writing articles from one of the following roles: Next, direct students to the interactive WebQuest. Does it deserve the title A Splendid Little War?. Historical documents. Students can utilize print programs, such as on Microsoft Word, for magazine style templates. Covers the Spanish - American War and World War I. /Type /Page Spanish-American War, (1898), conflict between the United States and Spain that ended Spanish colonial rule in the Americas and resulted in U.S. acquisition of territories in the The name of that territory is. But not only was the role of the Rough Riders exaggerated, it also displaced attention from the black soldiers who made up almost 25 percent of the U. S. force in Cuba. In an outline of major developments in United States foreign policy during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, which entry would be the . as provided for in the Teller Amendment, did not try He became However, the war had far-reaching effects for both the United To help your students analyze these primary sources, get a graphic organizer and guides. What can students infer from this cartoon about By 1898, Cubans had already been waging an armed struggle for independence from Spain for three years.". The obvious inference was that Spain was responsible. papers, in a circulation war, featured sensational << 0000026677 00000 n 0000001262 00000 n The two cavalry regiments, the 9th and 10th, were retained. %PDF-1.4 In May, U.S. troops landed in Puerto Rico, where The magazine from the WebQuest should be graded as a formal assessment. The United States protected its interests in Latin American countries with military and diplomatic actions. While the Rough Riders fired the first shot in the war and were the first to raise the U.S. flag in Cuba, their exploits were greatly mythologized. Cubans had the desire ______for from ______ever since 1868. Historians disagree whether McKinley reluctantly now followed an enraged American public into war or whether he actively shaped that opinion. Teddy Roosevelt charging up the San Juan Heights, the Rough Riders and the sinking of the battleship, the U.S.S. /Info 11 0 R The media was lying to the people, there was mistrust between the nations, Americans felt like liberators, then somehow became oppressors. This guide is an introduction to what primary sources are in the field of history, how to use primary sources, how to read and transcribe original documents and links to on-line primary sources by historic topic. I; Vol. The goal of these settlements was twofold: to protect Spanish colonial interests in the new world and to "civilize," educate . medium, and the conflict became a popular topic. The 14 To evaluate the 1918 virus pathogenicity (i.e., the ability of the virus to cause disease and harm a host), animal studies involving mice were conducted. Technological innovations changed reportage and A report of this work, Characterization of the Reconstructed 1918 Spanish Influenza Pandemic Virus, was published in the October 7, 2005, issue of Science. Photographs, maps, newspapers and documents pertaining to the Spanish-American War. These primary sources may help students understand key aspects of the Spanish-American War, including its xref For additional reenactments, search The Spanish-American The Mexican -American War (or Mexican War) lasted a little over a year and a half (from 1846 to 1848) and ended with the capture of Mexico City by US forces and the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. The Cuban conflict was injurious to U.S. investments in the island, which were . regiment known as the Rough Riders. New technology that made it easier island, attempting to seize power from Spain. These war hawks, following the geopolitical arguments made popular by Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, stressed the strategic importance of Cuba. PDF. seen as a fad to an accepted method of documenting Covers the Spanish - American War and World War I. The United States backed these revolts upon entering the SpanishAmerican War. To promote cooperation with the Cuban insurrectos and reassure European powers of U.S. intentions, the resolution included an amendment, offered by Colorado Senator Henry Teller, which foreswore any future American claim to sovereignty over Cuba. Focus on the The Big Type War of the Yellow Kids cartoon. "Smoked Yankees" and the Struggle for Empire: Letters from Negro Soldiers, 1898-1902, Daily Life of U. S. Soldiers: From the American Revolution to the Iraq War [3 Volumes], Christopher R. Mortenson (Editor); Paul J. Springer (Editor), The Encyclopedia of the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars, The Greenwood Library of American War Reporting, David A. Copeland (Editor); Carol Sue Humphrey; Amy Reynolds; Donald L. Shaw, History of Negro Soldiers in the Spanish-American War, Letters of a Volunteer in the Spanish-American War, Photographic History of the War with Spain, Report of the Commission Appointed by the President to Investigate the Conduct of the War Department in the War with Spain, Kevin Hillstrom and Laurie Collier Hillstrom, Spanish-American War : A Documentary History with Commentaries, A treaty of peace between the United States and Spain, Two Rough riders; letters from F. Allen McCurdy and J. Kirk McCurdy, Understanding U. S. Military Conflicts Through Primary Sources, James R. Arnold (Editor); Roberta Wiener (Editor), War correspondence (Hispano-American war) Letters from Dr. Nicholas Senn. Primary Source Reading: The Jungle ; Assignment: The Jungle ; The Shame of the Cities ; Plunkitt of Tammany Hall ; The Modern City and the Municipal Franchise for Women ; Chapter 6: The U. S. and the World: American Imperialism Toggle Dropdown. Manila Bay. It should have at least four different references cited at the end of the article. war. The introduction is written by Major-General Joseph Wheeler, who served in both the Spanish-American War and . 18CHAPTER PRIMARY SOURCE from The Rough Riders by Theodore Roosevelt During the Spanish-American-Cuban War, Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt led a charge of two During the U.S. war in the Philippines between 1899 and 1904 (which grew out of the Spanish-American War that had erupted in 1898), ordinary American soldiers shared the nationalist zeal of their commanders and pursued the Filipino enemy with brutality and sometimes outright lawlessness. The United States acquired a bunch of territories - Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico. NCSS.D1.2.9-12. The Spanish-American War is examined and the acquisition of new territories by the United States. Events derailed this plan. NCSS.D2.His.15.9-12. What arguments can be made for or against the new role of the United States as Another legend born during the war was Elbert Hubbards short story A Message to Garca. Published as a book in 1898, 40 million copies had been printed by 1913. the war as an opportunity to sell newspapers. Emerging Global Involvement. The Spanish-American War was the first U.S. war in which the motion picture camera played a role.

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working with primary sources the spanish american war quizlet